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    喝牛奶的代價有多大

    喝牛奶的代價有多大

    喝牛奶的代價有多大  
    2008-8-5 11:53:28 作者:田 松 來源:《讀者》2008.16  

      每日一杯奶對身體真的好嗎

      在人類漫長的歷史中,絕大多數民族從來沒有把其他動物的奶作為自己必不可少的食品,除了游牧民族。那些從來沒有以食用牛奶為傳統的非游牧民族,為什么忽然就把牛奶作為日常食品,乃至必需品呢?

      對于中國大多數的城市人來說,從幾乎或從來不食用牛奶,到每日一杯牛奶,這個變化不過20年時間。

      至少從20年前開始,就有很多關于牛奶的科學依據或者神話在中國流傳著,其中最有名的應該是這個:日本人因為每天喝牛奶,N年之后,平均身高增長了10厘米!對于這些科學依據和神話,我也曾深信不疑。然而,如果我們自己回想一下,對于某項科學知識,比如關于牛奶富有各種營養的科學依據,我們是因為“驗證”了才相信呢,還是因為別人都相信,因為報紙上都這么說,我們就相信了呢?

      牛奶的功效太抽象,比如補鈣,是否補上了?補上了有什么表現?相反,因乳糖不耐而拉肚子倒是能立竿見影。因而,從幾乎不喝到每天一杯的變化過程中,人們掛在嘴邊的“科學依據”,其實是一個似是而非的東西。

      牛奶的生產過程很殘忍

      物質不滅,能量守恒,天上不會下牛奶。我們喝的奶,都來自一種叫做奶牛的動物。那么,奶牛為什么會產奶呢?

      這個問題很多人都不知道,我以前也比較含糊。現在我終于可以確認,奶牛之所以產奶,是因為它生小牛了。沒有哪一種哺乳動物的雌性個體的乳房會平白無故地天天向外淌奶。那么,奶牛為什么會生小牛呢?因為它懷孕了。奶牛為什么懷孕呢?其實是,它被人工授精了!

      進而,奶牛為什么會不斷地產奶呢?因為它不斷地生小牛。奶牛為什么不斷地生小牛呢?因為它不斷地懷孕。奶牛怎么會不斷地懷孕呢?因為它不斷地被人工授精。

      我們現在飲用的牛奶,都來自于工廠化的養殖業,而不是來自傳統的人畜共生的畜牧業。乳業流水線上的奶牛,可能一輩子都沒見過公牛,卻不停地生小牛,不停地被擠奶。

      甚至,在先進的乳業工廠里,奶牛根本看不到自己的孩子,小牛也見不到它們的母親,一生下來就母子分離。一部分小母牛被喂養成奶牛,重復著母親的命運;一部分小牛被賣出去當肉牛飼養,這算是幸運的;還有一部分小牛,直接進了化工廠,變成了各種血清、蛋白和酶!

      牲畜產生的溫室氣體超過汽車

      在畜牧業中,適量的牛羊與草場之間會構成一種共生關系,這時糞便不是污染,而是肥料。而大型養殖場從效益考慮,必然力圖在有限的空間里聚集最多數量的養殖動物。這時,高密度排放的糞便就成為巨大的污染源,導致地下水、河流、近海以及空氣的污染。而奶牛養殖還會產生一種讓人意想不到的污染物——牛是反芻動物,在反芻過程中,會排放出甲烷,這是一種比二氧化碳更厲害的溫室氣體。

      2006年11月29日,聯合國糧農組織公布了一項報告《牲畜的巨大陰影:環境問題與選擇》,其中公布了一系列令人瞠目結舌的數據。

      由于人類對肉類和奶類的需求不斷上升,牲畜飼養業快速發展,牲畜產生的溫室氣體已經超過了汽車。如果用二氧化碳的釋放量衡量,牲畜比汽車多排放18%。

      此外,人類活動產生的甲烷(沼氣),有37%來自反芻牲畜的消化道。而甲烷的溫室效應是二氧化碳的23倍。人類活動產生的氨,有64%來自牲畜。氨是導致酸雨的重要原因之一。

      毫無疑問,其中快速增長的牲畜飼養,只會是現代化的養殖業,而不可能是傳統的畜牧業。

      我們看到,我們期待健康的愿望,加重了全球的生態災難。



    責任編輯:豐禾 閱讀次數:5166
    本帖最近評分記錄
    • 杯具 學分 +1 2013-10-17 19:08
    • 大包 學分 +1 我很贊同 2008-8-7 20:12

    TOP

    喝牛奶真的很有用的,沒聽說“每天一斤奶,強壯中國人”嗎?                                 `
    本帖最近評分記錄
    • 大包 學分 +1 我很贊同 2008-8-7 20:12

    TOP

    牛奶中含有人體生長發育及代謝所必須的營養成分,所含營養價值幾乎全部能被人體消化吸收,被人們稱為作完全營養食物。世界衛生組織也把人均乳品列為衡量一個國家人民生活水平的主要指標.
    本帖最近評分記錄
    • 大包 學分 +1 我很贊同 2008-8-7 20:13

    TOP

    特別需要多喝牛奶的14種人

    肝臟不好,疲憊的人
    腸胃不好,營養不良的人
    體質差的人
    生活節奏緊張的人
    孕婦和產婦
    患胃病的人
    職業司機
    滿周歲的孩子
    少年兒童
    長時間操作電腦的人
    養顏美膚的人
    視力不良的人
    吸煙者和粉塵作業者
    體力勞動者

    TOP

    郁悶! 好象我得盡量少喝牛奶了
    有志者 事競成  百二秦關終屬楚  苦心人 天不負  三千越甲可吞吳

    TOP

    回復 #5 瀟陽幻風 的帖子

    什么?你多喝了?  undefined

    TOP

    恢回復#5瀟陽幻風

    凡事都有兩面性的,不過我剛看這篇文章和你想法一樣。

    TOP

    回復 #7 小尋 的帖子

    恩,說得對!!!!!!!!undefined

    TOP

    餓。。。我屬于少年兒童‘視力不良的人’體質差的人’生活節奏緊張的人(重點高中激烈的競爭)‘腸胃不好,營養不良的人
    (一吃了稍微不適合腸胃的事物就常拉肚子)!  你說我不吃行嗎?我也無奈啊!
    有志者 事競成  百二秦關終屬楚  苦心人 天不負  三千越甲可吞吳

    TOP

    不過現在社會問題可不少光環境問題就夠頭疼的了(比如溫室效應。。。)好象我們根本無能為力!盡量吧!
    有志者 事競成  百二秦關終屬楚  苦心人 天不負  三千越甲可吞吳

    TOP

    回復 #10 瀟陽幻風 的帖子

    很好!!!!      不管有沒有病,喝了對身體好就行!

    TOP

    我們一定要盡量保護環境,上次在報紙上看到,如果溫室效應再不緩解的話,7年后人類將面臨恐龍滅絕以來最大的災難,地球也就快到末日了!天啊,那時我才23歲.......

    TOP

    郁悶。。。你嚇我?? 我也才23耶!可是世界的大部分人都不重視又有什么辦法?
    有志者 事競成  百二秦關終屬楚  苦心人 天不負  三千越甲可吞吳

    TOP

    我才22歲啊!我不想去那么早啊!!!!!

    是不是騙人的啊!!!

    TOP

    那篇文章是英國科學院的院士出的一本書里寫到的,他研究了很多年哦,事到如今只好讓災難去幫人類洗洗腦了。

    TOP

    發新話題

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